Fundamentals of Chemistry, Ch100
Instructor Contact Information



Fred Omega Garces, Ph.D.
Professor of Chemistry
Miramar College

10440 Black Mt. Road
San Diego, CA 92126




Dr. Fred O. Garces


Textbook and Course Material Requirements


Course Textbook: General, Organic and Biological Chmistry, Structures of Life ( Miramar Custom Text ),
3rd Edition,
by Karen C. Timberlake, Pearson Prentice Hall Publishing Company. Purchase Textbooks Online at the SDCCD Online Bookstore


Hardware and Software Requirements


Hardware and Software:
To successfully complete this online course, you will be required to meet the minimum hardware and software requirements. View Hardware and Software Requirements.

This online course will be using Blackboard VISTA. This newer software comes with free online tutorials for students. Make sure that you learn this newer online environment ahead of time. You are supposed to know how to navigate through the system before this session starts. If you already took online classes in VISTA, then it will be a lot easier. VISTA self-tutorials are accessible online
Use provided link to learn how to use the software BEFORE course starts.

Internet Browser:
You must use a supported Internet browser in order to successfully work in Blackboard Vista, the online course management system for this course. To see a list of supported Internet browsers,click here.


Course Description


CHEM 100- FUNDAMENTALS OF CHEMISTRY: 3 hours/day of instruction, 3.0 units

This course is an introductory study of the language and tools of chemistry. Basic concepts of the structure, properties, interactions and changes of matter and energy are studied, both qualitatively and quantitatively. Applications to everyday experiences are considered. This course is taken by students majoring in nursing or allied health sciences and provides a foundation for further coursework in chemistry.


Course Objectives


Upon successful completion of the course the student will be able to:


  1. Use appropriate vocabulary to explain the steps of the scientific method.
  2. Compare and contrast the properties of the states of matter, classify matter and explain how it can be
    altered through chemical and physical changes, and describe how matter and energy interact.
  3. Use scientific notation to express very large and very small numbers and represent measured and calculated quantities to the correct number of significant figures.
  4. Use English, metric and SI units to express measurements of length, volume, mass, density,
    temperature and energy, and perform unit conversions using dimensional analysis.
  5. Explain the key concepts, models and experiments leading to the development of atomic theory.
  6. Apply the concepts of modern atomic theory to write the electron configurations of the first twenty
    elements on the periodic table.
  7. Use the periodic table of the elements to identify metals, nonmetals, metalloids, groups, periods,
    atomic numbers and atomic masses, and explain periodic trends in the properties of the elements.
  8. Compare and contrast different types of bonding, and use Lewis structures and the valence shell
    electron pair repulsion (VSEPR) model to determine the shapes and polarities of molecular substances.
  9. Describe the effects of bond type and molecular polarity on interparticle forces and the properties of
  10. Name and write chemical formulae for binary covalent compounds, simple ionic compounds and
    acids, and derive quantitative information from the formulae.
  11. Classify chemical reactions and write balanced chemical equations to express those reactions,
    including molecular, total ionic and net ionic equations.
  12. Use the mole concept and Avogadro's number to perform mole and stoichiometric calculations,
    including limiting reagent and percent yield problems.
  13. Employ Boyle's Law, Charles' Law and the Ideal Gas Law to study the relationships among
    pressure, volume, temperature and quantity of gases, and use the kinetic molecular theory to explain
    these relationships.
  14. Explain the factors that affect the formation of solutions and perform concentration calculations,
    including dilution and solution preparation problems..
  15. Describe the properties of acids and bases, and compare and contrast the Arrhenius and
    Bronsted-Lowry definitions of acids and bases.
  16. Explain the concept of equilibrium and apply it to explain the differences between strong and weak
    electrolytes and between strong and weak acids.
  17. Relate pH to hydrogen/hydronium ion and hydroxide ion concentrations and perform pH
    calculations for strong acids and bases.
  18. Apply concepts regarding the structure of the nucleus to explain principles of isotopes, nuclear
    stability and nuclear reactions.
  19. Optional: Use print and electronic media to obtain information and apply the appropriate chemical
    concepts and/or calculations to that information to explain the chemistry relevant to at least two of the
    following topics: air quality, water quality, energy production, or household chemicals.


Course Specific Information


SYLLABUS will be updated and made available during the orientation.

SCHEDULE The rigor of this course is the same as that of the on-campus course, with the added responsibility of successfully navigating through the online material, and effectively using all VISTA functions to complete the course requirements. It is entirely YOUR responsibility to know how to use VISTA effectively It is your responsibility to read very carefully through the syllabus. You will be tested on its content. You will need to structure your own schedule so that you are able to complete the assignments and requirements of the class by the posted Due Dates.

Check frequently Calendar, Assessments Tools, and most of all, Communication Tools within this environment.

There are NO make-up exams, nor assignments.

To be successful in any online course, one must have good and very good
a) self-learning skills,
b) computer skills, but also (and more importantly)
c) psychological/emotional skills.

You are expected to spend a minimum of 12 hours of study time per week on this course. (6 hours of class-time, and 6 others of self-study). For IT/computer skills, just posting on blogs, downloading music over the Internet, or emailing friends do not count as computer skills. You are supposed to be a good self-learner, able to cross-reference textbook with Power Point presentations, study guides, and additional resources.
You are expected to already know how to effectively navigate through VISTA system, before school starts, so take the time to learn from the link provided.
As far as the psychological/emotional skills are concerned, you are supposed to be patient, resilient, perseverant, with a lot of “low blood pressure”, with plenty of sense of humor that could come in handy in many stressful situations related to online teaching/learning. This alternative method of teaching/learning is not for everyone. Please be honest with yourself and decide if this could be a good fit; only you can make this decision and nobody else.

Our online communication is very important. You are asked to post your general questions in the Discussion Board. Communication among students is not only a very powerful teaching/learning tool, but also a way of knowing your classmates. Many times, answers to your own questions can be figured out from your classmate’s learning experience(s). Our online/virtual classroom will foster the best of learning environments if you refrain yourself from sending emails that do not follow Netiquette Rules. Save private emails only for personal reasons, not for questions related to course material.

You will rely heavily upon your own study and effective time management skills. You must also be adept at following written instructions.

Your grade in this course will be based on evaluation methods outlined in the syllabus, which includes but are not limited to quizzes, exams, homework and online class participation. Upon completion of this course, I hope that you will realize that "Fundamentals of Chemistry " plays a vital role in our quality of life. I will provide you with the tools you need to be successful in this class. YOU are responsible for working diligently and honestly. If you have any questions concerning this class or your performance, please do not hesitate to contact me via email.

This class is offered online but there are mandatory meetings that require you to meet at Miramar College. If you are taking this course over the summer then you know that this course is a very condensed, full time work and full time schooling is not encouraged since Chemistry will be consuming your for the next five weeks. If you are taking this course in the fall or the spring, then be prepared to make sacrafice. It will require a
lot of time for serious preparation in order for you to be successful in this class.  In other words if you do not commit to the course, it will be difficult for you to complete the course or to earn a grade you are shooting for. Please read the FAQ for more information.


The following topics are included in the framework of the course but are not intended as limits on content.

  1. Scientific Method I.
    A. Observations and experimentation
    B. Hypothesis formulation and testing
    C. Theory
  2. Matter and energy
    A. States of matter
    B. Chemical and physical properties
    C. Classification of matter
    D. Chemical and physical changes of
    E. Interaction of matter and energy
  3. Scientific data III.
    A. Quantitative values
    - 1 Scientific notation
    - 2 Measurement and error
    - 3 Significant figures
    B. Units
    - 1 English versus metric and SI systems
    - 2 Dimensional analysis
  4. tomic theory.
    A. Dalton's theory
    B. Subatomic particles and isotopes
    C. Rutherford's alpha-scattering experiment
    D. Bohr model
    E. Modern atomic theory
    - 1 Electron configurations
    - 2 Atomic structure and the periodic table
    - 3 Periodicity
  5. hemical bonding
    A. Octet rule
    B. Ionic bonding
    C. Covalent bonding
    - 1 Lewis structures
    - 2 Bond polarity
    - 3 VSEPR theory
    - 4 Molecular polarity
    - 5 Intermolecular forces
    __ a Types of forces
    __ b Dipole-dipole forces
    __ c Hydrogen bonding
    __ d London dispersion forces
    - 6 Effects on properties of substances
  6. Nomenclature and chemical formulae
    A. Inorganic nomenclature
    - 1 Binary covalent compounds
    - 2 Ionic compounds
    - 3 Acids
    B. Formula writing
    C. Quantitative aspects of chemical formulae
    - 1 Percent composition
    - 2 Empirical and molecular formulae
  7. Chemical equations
    A. Types of chemical reactions
    - 1 Composition
    - 2 Decomposition
    - 3 Combustion
    - 4 Oxidation-reduction
    - 5 Aqueous reactions
    __a Double replacement
    ____i Criteria for
    ____ii Predicting
    __b Single replacement
    ____i Criteria for
    ____ii Predicting
    B. Writing balanced chemical
    - 1 Balancing skeleton equations
    - 2 Molecular equations
    - 3 Total ionic equations
    - 4 Net ionic equations
  8. Chemical calculations
    A. Mole calculations
    - 1 Avogadro's number
    - 2 Molar mass
    B. Stoichiometry
    - 1 Mole ratios from
    - 2 Limiting reagent
    - 3 Percent yield
  9. Gases
    A. Kinetic molecular theory
    B. Gas laws
    - 1 Boyle's Law
    __a Pressure units
    __b Volume-pressure calculations
    C. Charles' Law
    - 1 Absolute zero
    - 2 Kelvin temperature scale
    - 3 Volume-temperature calculations
    D. Ideal Gas Law
  10. Solutions
    A. Solution formation
    - 1 Solute-solvent
    - 2 Electrolytes
    - 3 Rate of dissolving
    - 4 Solubility
    B. Molarity
    C. Solution preparation
    - 1 Solute mass
    - 2 Dilution
  11. Acids and bases
    A. Properties
    B. Acid-base theories
    - 1 Arrhenius theory
    - 2 Bronsted-Lowry theory
    __a Hydronium ion
    __b Conjugate acid-base pairs
    C. Equilibrium and acid strength
    D. pH calculations
    E. Buffers
  12. Nuclear chemistry
    A. Isotopes
    B. Nuclear stability
    C. Nuclear reactions
    - 1 Types of nuclear reactions
    - 2 Applications
    __a Dating
    __b Medical applications
  13. Chemistry in modern life
    A. Air A.
    - 1 Atmosphere
    - 2 Nitrogen cycle
    - 3 Oxygen cycle
    - 4 Carbon cycle
    - 5 Air quality and pollution
    - 6 Global warming
    B. Water
    - 1 Sources
    - 2 Water cycle
    - 3 Pollution and treatment
    C. Energy
    - 1 Thermodynamics
    - 2 Sources
    - 3 United States energy policy
    D. Household chemicals
    - 1 Types of hazards
    - 2 Alternatives


Advisory ENGL 049 with a grade of "C" or better, or equivalent. or Assessment Skill Level W5
Advisory ENGL 048 with a grade of "C" or better, or equivalent. or Assessment Skill Level R5
Advisory MATH 046 with a grade of "C" or better, or equivalent. or Assessment Skill Level M40

Limitation on Enrollment:
This course is not open to students with previous credit for or concurrent enrollment in CHEM 200

Application and Registration Information



  1. Complete Online Application (for new SDCCD students). Go to Student Web Services
  2. Receive registration appointment and instructions by email or mail.
  3. Register online at the Reg e ,our online registration system.
  4. Make sure that you pay your tuition so that you don't lose your registration! Fees and Tuition Information.
  5. Order textbooks online. Visit our online bookstore.

6. After completion of registration with ClassTalk or Reg-e, and several days prior to the start of the semester, you will receive an email with course login instructions. If you don't receive an email please go to and login on the first day of class as follows:
Type your BlackBoard ID = 7-digit College Student Identification (CSID) number
Type your Password =  mmddyyyy (birthdate with no hyphens, slashes, or spaces)
For example:  1010101 (CSID number used at registration)
                          06231980 (password for birthdate June 23, 1980) 

  1. If this course is closed, please login to Reg-e to be placed on a waitlist. If the waitlist is full, you will not be able to add your name to the waitlisted.

• You will not be able to login to your online course until the first day of the semester!!!
• You must login to your online course on the first day of the session to avoid your enrollment being dropped. Follow the login instructions at
• You must attend the mandatory orientation meeting as described in Dr. Garces Website. If you do not attend the orientation, you will be dropped from the course and your space given to crashers.
• If you want to crash the course and you are not waitlisted, your best bet is to attend the orientation. Registered students who do not attend the orientation will be dropped and their space given to waitlisted students or crashers.


Procedure to Access Blackboard Vista



  1. Attention All Students Enrolled in Fully Online and Partially Online Courses:
  2. Access to your course will be available on the first day the course starts (not before).
  3. On the first day of class, go to:
    Type your Username = 7-digit College Student Identification (CSID) number
    Type your Password = mmddyyyy (birthdate with no hyphens, slashes, or spaces)
    For example: 9010101 (CSID number used at registration)
    06231980 (password for birthdate June 23, 1980)
  4. Returning online students, use your current password.
    Next, you will see your My Blackboard welcome page. Look on your Course List and click on the name of the course.

    Your instructor expects you to login on the first day of instruction.