Fundamentals of Chemistry Laboratory, Ch100L
Instructor Contact Information


CHEM 100 Laboratory- CHEMISTRY

Fred Omega Garces, Ph.D.
Professor of Chemistry
Miramar College

10440 Black Mt. Road
San Diego, CA 92126




Dr. Fred O. Garces


Equuipment, Chemicals and Course Material Requirements


Course Textbook: No text book is required for this course
Laboratory Equipment & Supplies: Purchase Lab equipment from KLM BioScientific 858+571+5562
Laboratory Chemicals: Purchase the Chemical container kits at the Miramar Bookstore. These containers will be filled with chemicals during the laboratory orientation or you can call the lab tech at 619-388-7438, 6317 or 7489 to set up an appointment during the first week of the term.

Other Supplies Required:
Safety goggles , First Aide Kit, Surgical gloves, Digital Camera, Calculator, Composition Lab notebook, Green Scantrons and others that will be describe in the syllabus or during the orientation.


Hardware and Software Requirements


Hardware and Software:
To successfully complete this online course, you will be required to meet the minimum hardware and software requirements. View Hardware and Software Requirements.

This online course will be using Blackboard VISTA. This newer software comes with free online tutorials for students. Make sure that you learn this newer online environment ahead of time. You are supposed to know how to navigate through the system before this session starts. If you already took online classes in VISTA, then it will be a lot easier. VISTA self-tutorials are accessible online
Use provided link to learn how to use the software BEFORE the course starts.

Internet Browser:
You must use a supported Internet browser in order to successfully work in Blackboard Vista, the online course management system for this course. To see a list of supported Internet browsers,click here.


Course Description


CHEM 100- FUNDAMENTALS OF CHEMISTRY: 3 hours/day of instruction, 3.0 units

This laboratory course is designed to illustrate the principles of inorganic and physical chemistry as
presented in Chemistry 100 and to familiarize students with common laboratory equipment and data
collection methods. Along with Chemistry 100, this course is taken by students majoring in nursing or
allied health sciences and provides a foundation for further lab work in chemistry.


Course Objectives


Upon successful completion of the course the student will be able to:


  1. Locate and use safety equipment and follow safety procedures in the chemistry lab.
  2. Identify laboratory equipment, supplies and techniques commonly used in the chemistry lab.
  3. Use appropriate equipment and instruments to make simple laboratory measurements such as mass,
    volume, length and temperature.
  4. Employ the metric system of measurement when working with measured quantities and use units and
    significant figures correctly.
  5. Explain the differences between elements, compounds, mixtures and solutions.
  6. Employ scientific reasoning in the chemistry lab by collecting and organizing data, developing a
    hypothesis, testing and modifying a model, and by distinguishing between observations and conclusions.
  7. Apply a variety of techniques to separate heterogeneous mixtures and solutions into their components.
  8. Use common chemical and physical properties of matter to differentiate between a chemical and a
    physical change.
  9. Measure the volume of a solid from dimensions and by water displacement and calculate the density
    of liquids and solids.
  10. Recognize and explain periodic trends in the properties of elements, locate metals on the periodic
    table and distinguish between metals and nonmetals.
  11. Set up experiments to confirm predictions as to whether or not a double replacement reaction will
    occur spontaneously.
  12. Define oxidation and reduction in terms of a transfer of electrons and a change of oxidation number,
    and identify an element being oxidized and an element being reduced.
  13. Analyze a chemical compound to determine the molar relationships of its components and/or its
    empirical formula.
  14. Prepare solutions by dissolving solids and by diluting stock solutions
  15. Recognize whether a given pH value represents an acidic, a basic or a neutral solution and identify a
    given substance as an acid or a base.
  16. Use titration to determine the concentration of a solution and a volumetric pipet and/or buret to
    measure solution volume.


Course Specific Information


SYLLABUS will be updated and made available during the orientation.

SCHEDULE The rigor of this course is the same as that of the on-campus course, with the added responsibility of successfully navigating through the online material, and effectively using all VISTA functions to complete the course requirements. It is entirely YOUR responsibility to know how to use VISTA effectively It is your responsibility to read very carefully through the syllabus. You will be tested on its content. You will need to structure your own schedule so that you are able to complete the activitiess and experiments of the class by the posted due dates.

Check frequently Calendar, Assessments Tools, and most of all, Communication Tools within this environment.

There are NO make-up if you do not submit the required assignments before the set due dates.

To be successful in any online course, one must have good and very good
a) self-learning skills,
b) computer skills, but also (and more importantly)
c) psychological/emotional skills.

You are expected to spend a minimum of 9 hours of study time per week on this course. (3 hoursto complete the experiment, and 6 others of self-study and completing reports and activities). For IT/computer skills, just posting on blogs, downloading music over the Internet, or emailing friends do not count as computer skills. You are supposed to be a good self-learner, able to cross-reference textbook with Power Point presentations, study guides, and additional resources.

You are expected to already know how to effectively navigate through VISTA system, before school starts, so take the time to learn from the link provided.

As far as the psychological/emotional skills are concerned, you are supposed to be patient, resilient, perseverant, with a lot of “low blood pressure”, with plenty of sense of humor that could come in handy in many stressful situations related to online teaching/learning. This alternative method of teaching/learning is not for everyone. Please be honest with yourself and decide if this could be a good fit; only you can make this decision and nobody else.

Our online communication is very important. You are asked to post your general questions in the Discussion Board. Communication among students is not only a very powerful teaching/learning tool, but also a way of knowing your classmates. Many times, answers to your own questions can be figured out from your classmate’s learning experience(s). Our online/virtual classroom will foster the best of learning environments if you refrain yourself from sending emails that do not follow Netiquette Rules. Save private emails only for personal reasons, not for questions related to course material.

You will rely heavily upon your own study and effective time management skills. You must also be adept at following written instructions.

Your grade in this course will be based on evaluation methods outlined in the syllabus, which includes but are not limited to quizzes,experiments, problem set activities, safety quizzes, notebook keeping and lab techniques as indicated by the photos you submit of your laboratory results. Upon completion of this course, I hope that you will realize that "Fundamentals of Chemistry " plays a vital role in our quality of life. I will provide you with the tools you need to be successful in this class. YOU are responsible for working diligently and honestly. If you have any questions concerning this class or your performance, please do not hesitate to contact me via email.

This class is offered online but there are mandatory meetings that require you to meet at Miramar College. If you are taking this course over the summer then you know that this course is a very condensed, full time work and full time schooling is not encouraged since Chemistry will be consuming your for the next five weeks. If you are taking this course in the fall or the spring, then be prepared to make sacrafice. It will require a
lot of time for serious preparation in order for you to be successful in this class.  In other words if you do not commit to the course, it will be difficult for you to complete the course or to earn a grade you are shooting for. Please read the FAQ for more information.


I The following topics are included in the framework of the course but are not intended as
content. The order of presentation and relative emphasis will vary with each instructor.

  1. Safety procedures in the chemistry lab
    A. Proper handling of equipment
    B. Proper handling and disposal of chemicals
    C. Personal protective equipment
  2. ntroduction to the chemistry lab
    A. Laboratory equipment and supplies
    - 1 Mass determinations
    - 2 Volume determinations
    - 3 Length determinations
    - 4 Temperature determinations
    B. Selected laboratory techniques
    - 1 Cleaning glassware
    - 2 Use of Bunsen burner
    - 3 Separation of mixtures
    - 4 Titration
    C. Measurement
    - 1 System of measurement
    __ a Metric/International System (SI)
    __ b English
    - 2 Units
    - 3 Significant figures
    D. Definitions
    - 1 Elements
    - 2 Compounds
    - 3 Mixtures
  3. Introduction to scientific reasoning
    A. Data collection and organization
    B. Observations
    - 1 Qualitative
    - 2 Quantitative
    C. Hypothesis development
    D. Model testing and modifications
    E. Observations versus conclusions
  4. Techniques for the separation of heterogeneous mixtures into their components
    A. Separating a solution into its components
    - 1 Decantation
    - 2 Filtration
    B. Separating a solution
    - 1 Evaporation
    - 2 Distillation
  5. Properties of matter
    A. Chemical and physical properties of matter
    B. Chemical change versus physical change
    C. Density
    - 1 Measuring the volume of a solid by water displacement
    - 2 Determining the volume of a solid from dimensions
    - 3 Calculating the volume of a liquid
  6. Periodicity
    A. Periodic table terminology
    B. Periodic trends in the properties of the elements
    C. Locating metals on the periodic table
    D. Metal versus nonmetal
  7. Chemical changes
    A. Evidence
    B. Classification
    - 1 Double replacement
    __ a Recognizing a double replacement
    __ b Predicting whether a double replacement will occur spontaneously
    __ c Writing a balanced chemical equation for a double replacement
    - 2 Single replacement
    __ a Recognizing a single replacement
    __ b Predicting whether a single replacement will occur spontaneously
    __ c Writing a balanced chemical equation for a single replacement reaction
    - 3 Oxidation-reduction
    __ a Defining oxidation and reduction in terms of electron transfer
    __ b Defining oxidation and reduction in terms of change in oxidation number
    __ c Identifying an element being oxidize
    __ d Identifying an element being reduced
    C. Stoichiometry
    - 1 Mole concept
    - 2 Percentage composition
    - 3 Chemical formulae
    - 4 Molar ratio of reactants and products
    - 5 Titration
  8. Properties and preparation of solutions
    A. Units of concentration
    - 1 Molarity
    - 2 Weight percent
    - 3 Weight/volume percent
    B. Concentration calculations
    - 1 Determining the value of a variable in an equation
    - 2 Converting from one concentration unit to another
    C. Preparing solutions
    - 1 By dissolving solids
    - 2 By diluting stock solutions
  9. Acids and bases
    A, Definition of pH
    B. Identifying whether a given pH value represents
    - 1 An acidic solution
    - 2 A basic solution
    - 3 A neutral solution
    C. A strong versus a weak acid
    D. Identifying common properties and reactions
    - 1 Acids
    - 2 Bases
  10. Titration
    A. Determining molar ratios of reactants and products in a chemical reaction
    B. Determining the concentration of a solution using titration
    C. Determining when a reaction is complete
    D. Using a volumetric pipet and/or a buret to measure solution volume
  11. Acids and bases
    A. Properties
    B. Acid-base theories
    - 1 Arrhenius theory
    - 2 Bronsted-Lowry theory
    __a Hydronium ion
    __b Conjugate acid-base pairs
    C. Equilibrium and acid strength
    D. pH calculations
    E. Buffers
  12. Nuclear chemistry
    A. Isotopes
    B. Nuclear stability
    C. Nuclear reactions
    - 1 Types of nuclear reactions
    - 2 Applications
    __a Dating
    __b Medical applications
  13. Chemistry in modern life
    A. Air A.
    - 1 Atmosphere
    - 2 Nitrogen cycle
    - 3 Oxygen cycle
    - 4 Carbon cycle
    - 5 Air quality and pollution
    - 6 Global warming
    B. Water
    - 1 Sources
    - 2 Water cycle
    - 3 Pollution and treatment
    C. Energy
    - 1 Thermodynamics
    - 2 Sources
    - 3 United States energy policy
    D. Household chemicals
    - 1 Types of hazards
    - 2 Alternatives

III Writing Assignments:
Writing assignments are required and may include, but are not limited to, the following:

1. Laboratory reports that illustrate the student's understanding of the fundamental concepts of
inorganic ant
2. Calculations related to measurements, molarity and chemical reactiond physical chemistry demonstrated through laboratory experimens.

III Reading Assignments:
Reading assignments are required and may include but, are not limited to, the following:

1. The assigned laboratory book
2. Handouts detailing chemistry laboratory procedures and/or experiments
3. Selections from the Science section of the San Diego Union Tribune, The Los Angeles Times
and/or other periodicals
4. Selections from Internet sites such as
- 1 .
- 2 .

III Appropriate Assignments that Demonstrate Critical Thinking:
Critical thinking assignments are required and may include, but are not limited to, the following:

1. Apply the principles, concepts and theories of inorganic and physical chemistry to set up a variety of laboratory experiments
2.Interpret, analyze and evaluate inorganic and physical chemistry laboratory experiment results in written form

III Appropriate Outside Assignments:
Outside assignments may include, but are not limited to, the following:

1. Laboratory preparation including reading and writing assignments related to upcoming laboratory experiments in physical and inorganic chemistry
2. Laboratory reports that illustrate the student's understanding of the concepts of physical and
inorganic chemistry demonstrated through laboratory experiments
3. Short interpretive essays relating theoretical concepts to practical applications in chemistry


Advisory ENGL 049 with a grade of "C" or better, or equivalent. or Assessment Skill Level W5
Advisory ENGL 048 with a grade of "C" or better, or equivalent. or Assessment Skill Level R5
Advisory MATH 046 with a grade of "C" or better, or equivalent. or Assessment Skill Level M40

Limitation on Enrollment:
This course is not open to students with previous credit for or concurrent enrollment in CHEM 200

Application and Registration Information



  1. Complete Online Application (for new SDCCD students). Go to Student Web Services
  2. Receive registration appointment and instructions by email or mail.
  3. Register online at the Reg e ,our online registration system.
  4. Make sure that you pay your tuition so that you don't lose your registration! Fees and Tuition Information.
  5. Order textbooks online. Visit our online bookstore.

6. After completion of registration with ClassTalk or Reg-e, and several days prior to the start of the semester, you will receive an email with course login instructions. If you don't receive an email please go to and login on the first day of class as follows:
Type your BlackBoard ID = 7-digit College Student Identification (CSID) number
Type your Password =  mmddyyyy (birthdate with no hyphens, slashes, or spaces)
For example:  1010101 (CSID number used at registration)
                          06231980 (password for birthdate June 23, 1980) 

  1. If this course is closed, please login to Reg-e to be placed on a waitlist. If the waitlist is full, you will not be able to add your name to the waitlisted.

• You will not be able to login to your online course until the first day of the semester!!!
• You must login to your online course on the first day of the session to avoid your enrollment being dropped. Follow the login instructions at
• You must attend the mandatory orientation meeting as described in Dr. Garces Website. If you do not attend the orientation, you will be dropped from the course and your space given to crashers.
• If you want to crash the course and you are not waitlisted, your best bet is to attend the orientation. Registered students who do not attend the orientation will be dropped and their space given to waitlisted students or crashers.


Procedure to Access Blackboard Vista



  1. Attention All Students Enrolled in Fully Online and Partially Online Courses:
  2. Access to your course will be available on the first day the course starts (not before).
  3. On the first day of class, go to:
    Type your Username = 7-digit College Student Identification (CSID) number
    Type your Password = mmddyyyy (birthdate with no hyphens, slashes, or spaces)
    For example: 9010101 (CSID number used at registration)
    06231980 (password for birthdate June 23, 1980)
  4. Returning online students, use your current password.
    Next, you will see your My Blackboard welcome page. Look on your Course List and click on the name of the course.

    Your instructor expects you to login on the first day of instruction.